The New Guinea singing dog, Canis hallstromi (syn. Canis lupus dingo), also known as the New Guinea highland wild dog, is named for its unique vocalization. Some experts have referred to it as a wild dog but others disagree. Little is known about New Guinea singing dogs in the wild and until 2016 there were only two confirmed photographs of wild sightings in the last century. Captive-bred New Guinea Singing Dogs often serve as companion dogs.
Some research and circumstantial evidence suggests that the historic range of the New Guinea singing dog once extended across the whole of New Guinea and was later reduced to the highlands by various pressures. Today the range of the New Guinea singing dog is limited to the mountainous terrain of the central segment of the New Guinea Highlands, an extensive mountain range running from East to West across the island.
Within its limited range, the ecological tolerance of the New Guinea singing dog is varied and includes mixed, beech, and mossy forest; sub-alpine coniferous forest; and alpine grasslands between 2,500 and 4,700 meters in elevation.
In the wild, reports suggest that New Guinea singing dogs prey on small to mid-sized marsupials and rodents, such as the ring-tailed opossum, cuscus, and tree kangaroo; birds; and fruits.